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About Huntsville East
Huntsville East : North boundary is HWY 72 / I 565; West boundary is HWY 231 / 431 (Memorial PKWY); East boundary is Monte Sano Mountain Range; South boundary is HWY 431 South.
The Huntsville East is the oldest resaidential area in the city and,although downtown Huntsville is not technically in this section, the area is an integral part of the city’s history.
Huntsville is named after Revolutionary War veteran John Hunt, the first settler of the land around the Big Spring. However, Hunt did not properly register his claim, and the area was purchased by Leroy Pope, who imposed the name Twickenham on the area to honor the home village of his distant kinsman Alexander Pope.
Twickenham was carefully planned, with streets laid out on the northeast to southwest direction based on the Big Spring. However, due to anti-English sentiment during the War of 1812, the name was changed to Huntsville to honor John Hunt, who had been forced to move to other land south of the new city.
Both John Hunt and Leroy Pope were Freemasons and charter members of Helion Lodge#1
In 1811, Huntsville became the first incorporated town in Alabama. However, the recognized “birth” year of the city is 1805, the year of John Hunt’s arrival. The city’s sesquicentennial anniversary was held in 1955 and the bicentennial was celebrated in 2005.
Huntsville’s quick growth was from wealth generated by the cotton and railroad industries. Many wealthy planters moved into the area from Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolinas. In 1819, Huntsville hosted a constitutional convention in Walker Allen’s large cabinetmaking shop. The forty-four delegates meeting there wrote a constitution for the new state of Alabama. In accordance with the new state constitution, Huntsville became Alabama’s first capital when the state was admitted to the Union. This was a temporary designation for one legislative session only, and the capital was then moved to another temporary location, Cahawba, until the legislature selected Montgomery as the permanent location.
In 1855, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed through Huntsville, becoming the first railway to link the Atlantic seacoast with the lower Mississippi River.
Huntsville is located in the Tennessee River valley. Several plateaus and large hills partially surround the city. These plateaus are associated with the Cumberland Plateau, and are locally called “mountains”. Monte Sano Mountain (Italian for “Healthy Mount”) is the most notable, and is east of the city along with Round Top (Burritt), Chapman, Huntsville, and Green Mountains. Others are Wade Mountain to the north, Rainbow Mountain to the west, and Weeden and Madkin Mountains on Redstone Arsenal in the south. Brindlee Mountain is visible in the south across the Tennessee River.
As with other areas along the Cumberland Plateau, the land around Huntsville is karst in nature. The city was founded around the Big Spring, which is a typical karst spring, and many caves perforate the limestone bedrock underneath the surface, as is common in karst areas. The headquarters of the National Speleological Society are located in Huntsville.
Today, Huntsville, Alabama USA is one of the most recognized cities in the Southeast – consistently named as one of the best places to live and work by a variety of national publications. Our city is regularly named as a premier location for both business and quality of life. In 2009, Kiplinger’s Personal Finance named Huntsville as America’s Best City.
Technology, space, and defense industries have a major presence here with the Army’s Redstone Arsenal, NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, and Cummings Research Park.
Home to several Fortune 500 companies, Huntsville also offers a broad base of manufacturing, retail and service industries. Our quality of life is second to none – with a variety of educational, recreational, and cultural opportunities.